The market is filled with different Internet browsers these days. Each one is freely accessible and caters to a distinct audience. As website developers, we would undoubtedly want each visitor to experience a website “the way we see it” – with minimal or no variations. The secret to this is beginning with proper and accurate website construction and adhering to a variety of critical guidelines that manifest themselves in the website building process. The vast majority of websites are built to conform to the specifications of the most widely used and popular Internet browsers, such as Internet Explorer and Mozilla Firefox. The question is how we can ensure that our website looks identical regardless of which browser we use.
The first and most striking problem is that of dealing with tables. Tables are a straightforward and convenient method of arranging free content, and an imaginative website developer can achieve sophisticated results with the use of inner tables and careful content arrangement. One of the most significant variations between browsers is the default table size. Each cell should ideally have its own height and width settings. If these settings are not specified, a browser can “believe” there are none and trigger its own default values – which vary between browsers. A table with no fixed size values will appear one way in Internet Explorer, but will appear differently in Firefox, unless the table’s dimensions are explicitly defined.
Thus, it is important to describe the table’s and cells’ dimensions. It is sufficient to define values for a single cell that are true for the entire row or column. Working in this manner can help you avoid making needless mistakes, since all values are numerical and are known by all currently available browsers. Another helpful tip is to consider the size of the table when it contains a background picture. Be certain that the image size matches the table size, otherwise it will be cropped (if the image is larger than the table) or repeated (if the image is smaller than the table).
Another notable distinction is dealing with spaces, which stems from the same cause. In one window, the space character may be one pixel wide, in another, several pixels wide, and in a third, there may be a limit on displaying more than one space in a row. A single space can also be interpreted as a line break by certain browsers. Additionally, a space is not a valid character and should not be used to transfer the text through multiple space insertion. As a general rule, never use more than one space in a row! To reposition text, use centering and alignment methods, indentation adjustments, or build tables. By pressing CTRL+A, you can enter the page editor and pick the entire content. Redundant spaces and line breaks will appear as empty “blocks” with a blue background. It is strongly advised that you delete them.
Certain browsers are stringent about proper alignment, which means that if the content is not aligned in a particular direction, it can be displayed freely. For instance, if we write in Arabic – from right to left – in browser A, we should not anticipate that browser B would view our content similarly. We’ll pick the text and match it to the right, ensuring that every browser, regardless of language or configuration, understands that our Arabic or Hebrew text should be aligned to the right. This is also valid for photographs and other types of material.
Advanced users with some HTML knowledge may wish to examine the source code and replace specific HTML tags, such as tags (paragraph) with tags (division). There is a well-known lack of coordination between browsers when it comes to viewing paragraph tags; for example, Firefox treats each tag as a line break, while Internet Explorer 7 ignores them. Ironically, Internet Explorer 8 renders them similarly to how Firefox does.
In terms of site design, there are two primary approaches: percent-based design and pixel-based design. The latter is reasonably straightforward and enables precise website preparation by computation. While designing by percentages ensures that the website will look consistent regardless of screen resolution, a thorough review of the coordination of various elements is needed. The majority of web designers use pixels, as this parameter is supported by both website creation systems and graphic design programmes. For example, if the website’s total width is 800 pixels and the side menu is 200 pixels wide, we are left with 600 pixels of working space. Combining this knowledge with the first tip presented here can result in a good outcome for website development and design.
Specific distinctions between web browsers include the following:
-In Internet Explorer 8, you can sometimes encounter text that runs over other text. This is due to the source code’s inefficient handling of “font” tags. If you encounter this problem, please remove the font setting from the design settings and define it using the CSS language’s style parameter.
-Unlike other browsers, Firefox does not display image ALT tags. The ALT text is present and is “considered” by search engines, but it is not readily visible while hovering.
-Transparency is not supported in PNG images in Internet Explorer 6. To optimise your website for Internet Explorer 6, consider using photos in the GIF format instead (or encourage your visitors to upgrade…).
-Internet Explorer 7 ignores tags, while Firefox and Explorer 8 present a line break and a space in the presence of tags. To prevent this, simply replace tags with tags.
-In certain instances, some versions of Internet Explorer have the scroll bar in the site width and identify the page centre accordingly. In comparison, Mozilla Firefox often ignores the scroll bar when determining the location of the ‘middle’.
A word or two about W3 validation:
The popularity of tests aimed at standardising websites around the web to ensure maximum consistency has been steadily growing in recent years. The W3C is an organisation whose mission is to provide a norm for the construction of websites. As sacred as this aim might be, it has yet to garner significant support and an appropriate attitude. As a result, despite agreed criteria and the testing process, passing this review has little practical impact on a website, and failing the test does not “damage” the website in any way. Additionally, adhering to W3C standards involves rigorous and methodical code creation based on extremely strict guiding principles, which is completely incompatible with systems designed to facilitate this process.
In the case of search engines, no evidence has been provided establishing a clear correlation between compliance with W3C standards and search engine ranking (big news sites with thousands of errors are a good piece of evidence). In comparison, there are significantly more significant variables, such as keywords and proper text rewriting, that can propel you to the top of the search results.
Thus, a website designer should prioritise the most critical and powerful factors affecting website promotion and browser compatibility, rather than the hundreds of minor ones.
Validate some of the most popular websites on the internet, including major search engines and news pages, and observe the large number of errors discovered by the validator. If they succeed despite these ‘errors,’ one must consider whether the test is well-designed…
What exactly is CSS?
CSS is a programming language that enables the development of defined design settings for websites, ensuring their consistent appearance. It is not simple, particularly for a beginner, and takes some time and motivation to understand the fundamentals. However, if you are excited about it, you are welcome to read more about it on one of the numerous websites available on the internet. Each of these is as follows: